Overview of the Effects of ENSO on Climate
Links and References
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General descriptions of ENSO and its effects on climate
El Niño and the Science of Climate Prediction
(an general overview from "Consequences")
El Niño and Climate Prediction
(Reports to the Nation)
- Diaz, H.F. and V. Markgraf (Editors) (2000).
El Niño and the Southern Oscillation, Multiscale Variability
and Global and Regional Impacts. Cambridge University Press.
- Glantz, M.H. (2001). Currents of Change: Impacts of El Niño
and La Niña on climate society. Cambridge University Press.
- Glantz, M.H., R.W. Katz and N. Nicholls (Editors) (1991).
Teleconnections linking worldwide climate anomalies: Scientific
basis and social impacts. Cambridge University Press
Monitoring and historical information
More technical publications
- Goddard, L., S. J. Mason, S. E. Zebiak, C. F. Ropelewski,
R. Basher, and M. A. Cane. 2001. Current approaches to seasonal-to-interannual
climate predictions. International Journal of Climatology, 21(9):
- Mason, S.J. and L. Goddard, 2001. Probabilistic precipitation
anomalies associated with ENSO. Bulletin of the American Meteorological
- Ropelewski, C. F. and M.S. Halpert (1987). Global and regional
scale precipitation patterns associated with the El Niño/Southern
Oscillation. Monthly Weather Review, 115: 1606-1626.