Azhar Ehsan

Azhar Ehsan

Associate Research Scientist

  • Email: ude.aibmuloc.irinull@rahza
  • Address:107 Monell Building
    61 Route 9W
    Palisades NY, 10964

Short Bio

Dr. Muhammad Azhar Ehsan (He/Him) is an Associate Research Scientist at IRI, focusing on climate variations and prediction at multiple timescales (Weeks to Years). He leads the IRI Climate Forecast and ENSO Briefing every month. A primary objective of Azhar’s research work is to better understand the sensitivity of regional climates to changing sea surface temperature patterns, finding sources of predictability, and study physical processes that underpin regional hydroclimatic situations using observations and model datasets. His current regional foci include the Middle East, Africa, and South Asia.

He held postdoctoral and researcher positions, at the International Center for Theoretical Physics (ICTP), Trieste Italy, Center of Excellence for Climate Change Research (CECCR), Jeddah Saudi Arabia, and Global Change Impacts Studies Center, Islamabad Pakistan prior to joining the IRI in 2019.

Research Interests

  • El Niño – Southern Oscillation (ENSO) Dynamics and Predictions
  • ENSO teleconnections
  • Climate Prediction from Weeks to Years
  • Variability and Predictability of the Global Monsoons and its Relation to Sea Surface Temperatures
  • Regional Climate Variability and Change
  • Global Warming

Role at the IRI

Specifically, he leads the IRI Climate Forecast and ENSO Briefing every month. More generally, his work at the IRI is related to the study of climate variations at multiple timescales, subseasonal-to-decadal predictability and prediction, and the development of climate services.

Selected Publications

Details at


Azhar Ehsan CV