Martin Benno Blumenthal

Office Address:

The Earth Institute
Columbia University
108 Monell
, NY 10964


Semantic Frameworks and data interoperability
Spectral analysis and inverse methods
Data assimilation
Climate and air-sea interactions
Distributing Earth Science Data for public use


Massachusetts Institute of Technology/Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution
PhD degree in Physical Oceanography, February 1987, with thesis: Interpretation of equatorial current meter data as internal waves, supervised by Professor Charles C. Eriksen.
The thesis shows that the PEQUOD moored array data are statistically inconsistent with simple internal wave models such as Garrett and Munk. It then constructs physically more sophisticated models that fit significantly better.

Princeton University
degree in Physics magna cum laude, June 1980, with thesis Local realistic theory tests: locality or objectivity? supervised by Professor Arthur S. Wightman.
The thesis reviews experimental tests of the EPR paradox and attempts to construct a localized quantum-mechanical model.


International Research Institute for Climate and Society
Data Library Manager Aug 1997 - present

Lamont-Doherty Earth Observatory of Columbia University
Senior Staff Associate, July 1995 - July 1997
Associate Research Scientist, July 1989 - June 1995
Post-doctoral Research Scientist, April 1987 - June 1989

Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Research Assistant, 1980-1987

Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution
Research Assistant, summer 1980

EDP Services
Programmer 1979-1980

Recent Presentations:


IRI Climate Data Library at DMAC Transport and Access Expert Team Meeting 24-25 Apr 2006

Transport and Access of Data, Metadata, and Semantics using RDF at DMAC Transport and Access Expert Team Meeting 24-25 Apr 2006

Using RDF/OWL Technologies for both Discovery and Use Metadata at GO-ESSP Meeting Livermore CA 19-21 June 2006

Using RDF/OWL Technologies for Discovery and Use Metadata at ESIP Meeting LDEO 18 July 2006

Data Standards at the IRI Data Library at SPG committee at ESIP Meeting LDEO 20 July 2006

Using Resource Description Framework (RDF) to carry metadata for datasets at OpenDAP technical workshop 21-23 Feb 2007

Using Resource Description Framework (RDF) to carry metadata for climate datasets at University of Maryland Baltimore Campus 27 Apr 2007

Using Multiple Metadata Standards to Describe Climate Datasets in a Semantic Framework at American Geophysical Union, Fall Meeting 2007, abstract #IN53B-1203.

IRI Data Library Dataset Function Ontology and Multiple Metadata Framework at Federation of Earth Science Information Partners (ESIP) Federation Winter Meeting, 9-10 Jan 2008.

Connecting netcdf/CF to a semantic framework at 7th GO-ESSP (Global Organization for Earth System Science Portal) 17-19 Sep 2008.

Semantic Technologies and Application to Climate Data at Climate Discovery Workshop 30 Mar - 1 Apr 2011.

Keynote presentation: Flexible and scalable data analysis in the IRI Data Library at the GO-ESSP 2015 Workshop, 24-26 February 2015 at Cosener's House, Abingdon UK.


M. Benno Blumenthal, Michael Bell, John del Corral, RĂ©mi Cousin, and Igor Khomyakov, IRI Data Library: enhancing accessibility of climate knowledge, Earth Perspectives 2014, 1:19 doi:10.1186/2194-6434-1-19.

Ceccato;Trzaska;Perez;Kalashnikova;del Corral;Cousin;Blumenthal;Bell;Connor;Thomson, Improving Decision-Making Activities for Meningitis and Malaria, Geocarto International, 2013.

John del Corral, M. Benno Blumenthal, Gilma Mantilla, Pietro Ceccato, Stephen J. Connor, Madeleine C. Thomson, Paper: Climate Information for Public Health: the role of the IRI Climate Data Library in an Integrated Knowledge System, Geospatial Health, 2012 Sep; 6(3):S15-24.

C. Monteleoni, G.A. Schmidt, F. Alexander, A. Niculescu-Mizil, K. Steinhaeuser, M. Tippett, A. Banerjee, M.B. Blumenthal, A.R. Ganguly, J.E. Smerdon, and M. Tedesco, "Climate Informatics" in: Title: Computational Intelligent Data Analysis for Sustainable Development Editors: Ting Yu, Nitesh V. Chawla, and Simeon Simoff Copyright: 2013 Publisher: CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL Chapter Number: 4 Chapter Title: Climate Informatics Chapter pages: 81-126

M. Benno Blumenthal, John del Corral, Haibo Liu, Dan Holloway, Nathan Potter (2011), Semantic Framework for climate metadata interoperability (T248A), WCRP Open Science Conference; 24-28 Oct. 2011; Denver CO, USA

M. Benno Blumenthal, M. Bell, R. Cousin, John del Corral, H. Liu, Poster: Optimized and Scalable Climate Data Services (T258A), WCRP Open Science Conference; 24-28 Oct. 2011; Denver CO, USA

M. Benno Blumenthal, John del Corral, Haibo Liu, Dan Holloway, Nathan Potter, Poster A Semantic Framework for Climate Metadata Interoperability, First International Climate Informatics Workshop, held on August 26, 2011 at the New York Academy of Sciences.

Holloway,D, M B Blumenthal, H Liu, and N Potter (2010), Using Semantic Web Technologies with OPeNDAP, Abstract IN41C-1369 presented at 2010 Fall Meeting, AGU, San Francisco, Calif., 13-17 Dec, 2010.

John del Corral, M. Benno Blumenthal, "A Bi-directional Semantic Framework for Bibliographic Metadata," icsc, pp.525-529, 2010 IEEE Fourth International Conference on Semantic Computing, 2010

Cornillon, P., J. Adams, M.B. Blumenthal, E. Chassignet, E. Davis, S. Hankin, J. Kinter, R. Mendelssohn, J.T. Potemra, A. Srinivasan, and J. Sirott (2009) NVODS and the development of OPeNDAP, Oceanography, 22(2), 116-127 (2009)

Holloway, D, M. Blumenthal, N. Potter, and P. West (2008) Using Semantic Web Technologies to Streamline the Implementation of the OGC Web Service Interface Specifications for Coverage and Feature Data Within OPeNDAP, Eos Trans. AGU, 89 (53) Fall Meet. Suppl., Abstract IN23B-1082.

del Corral, J, M.B. Blumenthal, M. Bell, 'A GIS Enabled Data Library', Geophysical Research Abstracts, Vol. 10, EGU2008-A-04384, 2008, SRef-ID: 1607-7962/gra/EGU2008-A-04384, EGU General Assembly 2008

Blumenthal, M.B., J. del Corral, M. Bell, and E. Grover-Kopec 2006. An Ontological Approach to Geoscience Dataset Cataloging, In Semantic Web for Collaborative Knowledge Acquisition: Papers from the 2006 Fall Symposium, ed. Vasant Honavar and Tim Finin. Technical Report FS-05-06. Association for the Advancement of Artificial Intelligence, Menlo Park, California.

Web-based climate information resources for malaria control in Africa Emily K Grover-Kopec, M Benno Blumenthal, Pietro N Ceccato, Tufa Dinku, Judy Omumbo and Stephen J Connor Malaria Journal 2006, 5:38 (11 May 2006)

Grover-Kopec, E. K., M. Kawano, R. W. Klaver, M. B. Blumenthal, P. Ceccato, and S. J. Connor, 2005: An online operational rainfall-monitoring resource for epidemic malaria early warning systems in Africa. Malaria Journal, 4:6.

Hays, J.D., S. Pfirman, M.B. Blumenthal, K. Kastens, and W. Menke, 2000: "Earth Science Instruction with Digital Data", Computers and the Geosciences, v.26, p.657, 2000

Ropelewski, C.F., N. Graham, A. Moura, Y. Tourre, S. Zebiak, B. Blumenthal, K. Broad, L. Goddard and S. Mason: "The Great 1997/98 Warm Episode: Lessons Learned." Proceedings of the 23rd Annual Climate Diagnostics and Prediction Workshop, p 8, 1999.

Kaplan, A., M.A. Cane, Y. Kushnir, A.C. Clement, M.B. Blumenthal, and B. Rajagopalan: "Analyses of Global Sea Surface Temperatures 1856-1991." J. Geo. Res. 103(C9) 18,567-18,589, 1998.

Kaplan, A., Y. Kushnir, M.A. Cane, and M.B. Blumenthal: "Reduced Space Optimal Analysis for Historical Datasets: 136 years of Atlantic Sea Surface Temperatures." J. Geo. Res. 102 27,835-27,860, 1997.

Tziperman, E., M.A. Cane, S.E. Zebiak, Y. Xue, and M.B. Blumenthal: "Why do El Niño events peak towards the end of the calendar year?" Nature 1996.

Blumenthal, M.B., and M. Briscoe, 1995: "Distinguishing propagating waves and standing modes: an internal wave model." J. Phys. Oceanogr. 25, 1095--1115.

Seager, R., M.B. Blumenthal, and Y. Kushnir, 1995: "An advective atmospheric mixed-layer model for ocean modeling purposes: Global simulation of surface heat fluxes." J. Climate 8(8), 1951-1964.

Seager, R., and M.B. Blumenthal, 1994: "Modeling tropical Pacific sea surface temperature with satellite-derived solar-radiation forcing," J. Climate 7(12), 1943-1957.

Xue, Y., M.A. Cane, S.E. Zebiak, and M.B. Blumenthal, 1994: "On the Prediction of ENSO: a Study with a Low-Order Markov Model," Tellus 46A, 512-528.

Eshel, G., M.A. Cane, and M.B. Blumenthal, 1994: "Modes of Subsurface, Intermediate, and Deep Water Renewal in the Red Sea," J. Geophys. Res., 99(8), 15941-15952.

Blumenthal, M.B., Y. Xue, and M.A. Cane, 1992: "Predictability of an ocean/atmosphere model using adjoint model analysis," in Proceedings of the Workshop on Predictability, 13-15 November 1991. European Centre for Medium-Range Weather Forecasts.

Blumenthal, M.B., 1991: "Predictability of a coupled ocean-atmosphere model," J. Climate, 4(8), 766-784.

Blumenthal, M.B., 1990: "Effects of West African air humidity on atlantic sea surface temperature.," in Greenhouse Effect, Sea Level and Drought (P. R. Paepe, R. W. Fairbridge, and S. Jelgersma, eds.), NATO Advanced Research Workshop on Geohydrological Management of Sea Level and Mitigation of Drought, (Dordrecht, The Netherlands), pp. 21--40, Kluwer Academic Publishers.

Blumenthal, M.B., and M.A. Cane, 1989: "Accounting for parameter uncertainties in model verification: an illustration with tropical sea surface temperature," J. Phys. Oceanogr., vol. 19, pp. 815--830.

Eriksen, C.C., M.B. Blumenthal, S.P. Hayes, and P. Ripa, 1983: "Wind-Generated equatorial Kelvin waves observed across the Pacific Ocean," J. Phys. Oceanogr., 13, 1622--1640.


Author and maintainer of the IRI WWW Data Library.